PEACETOPIAN MILESTONES

A holistic movement for a better world
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June 28, 1919 -
League of Nations

The League of Nations was the first international organization that was created for the purpose of promoting world peace. It was formed after the end of World War I during the Paris Peace Conference, with a wide-ranging set of goals, including settling international disagreements through arbitration and negotiation; preventing wars through disarmament and collective security; promoting health and humanitarian relief; and abolishing slave labor and illegal drug trafficking. Many of the ideas in the organization's charter, and its name, were inspired by US President Woodrow Wilson's "Fourteen Points" proposal, which had helped to secure the armistice and peace negotiations that ended the First World War. The idea of using diplomacy to settle tensions and disputes was a fundamental paradigm-shift from the pervading consciousness in Europe over the previous century. Nationalistic patriotism had fanned the flames of aggressive competition and distrust between nations, resulting in an ongoing preparation-for-war mentality and massive buildup of arms, ultimately erupting into the first global war which killed 9 million people.

The League of Nations held its first meetings in 1920, but in many ways it was doomed to failure. Although US President Woodrow Wilson had proposed the idea, the United States Congress refused to allow America to join. Germany wasn't allowed to be a member of the international community as punishment for its role in starting World War I, and neither was Russia, because of fear about its communist government. In addition to missing these three powerful nations, the resources of the League's two remaining leading nations, Britain and France, had been severely drained during the war, and they were not overly enthusiastic about becoming involved in disputes that didn't directly affect Western Europe. The League did not have a military force, but relied on sanctions and boycotts to try to convince members to adhere to its decisions. Over the next two decades, the League encountered many successes and failures: some wars over border-disputes were averted, drug trafficking and slave labor practices were being addressed, the League's Health Organisation was making progress in combating diseases, and much humanitarian relief was provided for refugees and those affected by famine crises. But in the 1930s, international disagreements, disputes and military conflicts and invasions grew, ultimately resulting in the Second World War by 1939. The League did not meet during World War II, and after the United Nations was created in 1945, its authority and some of its infrastructure, like the Health Organisation, was taken over by the UN.


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MILESTONES

c.380 BC
"Republic"

1215
Magna Carta

1516
"Utopia"

1528
"On Civil Power"

1625
"On The Law
of War and Peace"

1648
Peace of Westphalia

1650-1799
Enlightenment

1689
"Two Treatises of Government"

1762
"Social Contract"

July 4, 1776
US Declaration of Independence

September 17, 1787
US Constitution

August 26, 1789
Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen

September 25, 1789
US Bill of Rights

1793
Department of Peace

1795
"Perpetual Peace"

May 18, 1899
Hague Peace Conference

1901
Nobel Peace Prize

January 8, 1918
14 Points

June 28, 1919
League of Nations

1933
The New Deal

January 6, 1941
The Four Freedoms

October 24, 1945
The United Nations

August, 1947
World Federalist Movement

December 10, 1948
Universal Declaration of Human Rights

1955
"Let There Be
Peace On Earth"

1956
The Beloved Community

1960-1963
The New Frontier

1963-1969
The Great Society

1970
Earth Day

October 11, 1971
"Imagine"

1981
International Day of Peace

1985
77 Theses on the Care of the Earth

1988
Global Cooperation for a Better World

1991
Earth Constitution

1992
UNESCO
Culture of Peace Programme

1992
"4000 Ideas & Dreams for a Better World"

1995
Earth Magna Charta

1995
"When Corporations Rule The World"

1996
"Peace On Earth Millennium"

1997
Appeal of the Nobel Laureates

1998
"Conscious Evolution"

May 11-15, 1999
Hague Appeal for Peace

January 1, 2000
One Day In Peace

June 29, 2000
The Earth Charter

September, 2000
Millennium Development Goals

January 25-30, 2001
World Social Forum

October, 2001
"Better World Handbook"

2005
Clinton Global Initiative

July 18, 2007
The Elders

September 17, 2011
Occupy Wall Street