PEACETOPIAN MILESTONES

A holistic movement for a better world
has been evolving throughout history...

 

1762 -
"The Social Contract"

Jean-Jacques Rousseau's monumental work, Of The Social Contract, Or Principles of Political Right (Du contrat social ou Principes du droit politique) built on ideas of political philosophers like John Locke to more clearly define the ideals of the Enlightenment; these ideals inspired the wave of reform and revolution that spread across Europe and the American colonies. In his work, Rousseau theorized about the best ways to set up a political community and the tests to determine whether a political power is legitimate. Like others of the Enlightenment, Rousseau begins with the assertion that everyone is born free, but in order to exist peacefully, we enter into a 'social contract', whereby each person gives up the same amount of rights and freedoms and takes on the same amount of responsibilities by abiding by a set of fair and just laws. These laws that the members of the society must obey, however, are only valid and just if they were agreed upon by those who must live by them. He asserted that the only valid form of government is a participatory democracy, in which all members of the society, including women, have a say in the way that the society is operated. Except in times of need (for example, defending the nation in time of war), a person should be allowed to leave the protection and responsibilities of the social contract, and return whenever they wish. Slavery is a direct violation of the social contract, because no person would give up their natural rights and freedoms to be enslaved. Rousseau pointed out the need for different types of governance based on the size of the community. The larger the population, the more difficult it is to keep order, so a larger and more powerful government is needed; but all governments must be subject to the will of the people.


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MILESTONES

c.380 BC
"Republic"

1215
Magna Carta

1516
"Utopia"

1528
"On Civil Power"

1625
"On The Law
of War and Peace"

1648
Peace of Westphalia

1650-1799
Enlightenment

1689
"Two Treatises of Government"

1762
"Social Contract"

July 4, 1776
US Declaration of Independence

September 17, 1787
US Constitution

August 26, 1789
Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen

September 25, 1789
US Bill of Rights

1793
Department of Peace

1795
"Perpetual Peace"

May 18, 1899
Hague Peace Conference

1901
Nobel Peace Prize

January 8, 1918
14 Points

June 28, 1919
League of Nations

1933
The New Deal

January 6, 1941
The Four Freedoms

October 24, 1945
The United Nations

August, 1947
World Federalist Movement

December 10, 1948
Universal Declaration of Human Rights

1955
"Let There Be
Peace On Earth"

1956
The Beloved Community

1960-1963
The New Frontier

1963-1969
The Great Society

1970
Earth Day

October 11, 1971
"Imagine"

1981
International Day of Peace

1985
77 Theses on the Care of the Earth

1988
Global Cooperation for a Better World

1991
Earth Constitution

1992
UNESCO
Culture of Peace Programme

1992
"4000 Ideas & Dreams for a Better World"

1995
Earth Magna Charta

1995
"When Corporations Rule The World"

1996
"Peace On Earth Millennium"

1997
Appeal of the Nobel Laureates

1998
"Conscious Evolution"

May 11-15, 1999
Hague Appeal for Peace

January 1, 2000
One Day In Peace

June 29, 2000
The Earth Charter

September, 2000
Millennium Development Goals

January 25-30, 2001
World Social Forum

October, 2001
"Better World Handbook"

2005
Clinton Global Initiative

July 18, 2007
The Elders

September 17, 2011
Occupy Wall Street